Dr. Mehlman-Orozco’s book—Hidden in Plain Sight: America’s Slaves of the New Millennium— was incorporated into the Human Trafficking Investigations Course taught by ERASE Child Trafficking. Courses were taught across the country from Miami, Florida to San Bernardino and Montebello, California. 


Mehlman-Orozco, Kimberly B. (November, 2017). Invited Guest Instructor on Human Trafficking. Homeland Security Investigations and North Carolina State Bureau of Investigations, hosted by ERASE Child Trafficking.

Mehlman-Orozco, Kimberly B. (November, 2017). Invited Training Presentation on Human Trafficking Red Flags. Mid-Atlantic P.A.N.D.A. (Prevent Abuse and Neglect through Dental Awareness), Columbia, MD.

Mehlman-Orozco, Kimberly B. (January, 2014). Invited Training Presentation on Mapping Suspected Human Trafficking Networks through Advertisements. Homeland Security Investigations, DHS, Buffalo, NY.


Ph.D. Research Practicum: Surviving and Thriving Beyond Sex Trafficking, Prescott College

CRIM 307 Social inequality, Crime, and Justice, George Mason University

CRIM 405 Law and Justice Around the World, George Mason University

CRIM 308 Human Rights and Justice, George Mason University

CCJS 100 Introduction to Criminal Justice, University of Maryland, College Park

CCJS 370 Race and Crime, University of Maryland, College Park

CCJS 432 Law of Corrections, University of Maryland, College Park

CCJS 418J and CRIM 490 Foreign Nationals and Crime, University of Maryland, College Park and George Mason University


Krylova, Y., & Shelley, L. (2023). Criminal street gangs and domestic sex trafficking in the United States: evidence from Northern Virginia. Crime, Law and Social Change, 1-22.

Cain, C. M. (2023). Commercial sexual exploitation victims treated as offenders: examining the gendered risk factors of incarcerated youth charged with prostitution. Victims & Offenders, 18(3), 543-571.

Casassa, K., Ploss, A., & Karandikar, S. (2023). “He Loves Me Hard and Then He Abuses Me Hard”: How Service Providers Define and Explain Trauma Bonds Among Sex Trafficking Survivors. Violence against women, 10778012231158104.

Krishnan, S. R. G. (2023). Reducing Child Trafficking in India: The Role of Human Rights Education and Social Work Practice. Journal of Human Rights and Social Work, 1-11.

Casassa, K., Knight, L., & Mengo, C. (2022). Trauma bonding perspectives from service providers and survivors of sex trafficking: A scoping review. Trauma, violence, & abuse, 23(3), 969-984.

Puigvert, L., Duque, E., Merodio, G., & Melgar, P. (2021). A systematic review of family and social relationships: implications for sex trafficking recruitment and victimisation. Families, Relationships and Societies, 1-17.

Keisel, K. (2021). The Complexities of Complex Trauma: An Historical and Contemporary Review of Healing in the Aftermath of Commercialized Violence. The Historical Roots of Human Trafficking: Informing Primary Prevention of Commercialized Violence, 231-255.

Pedron, S. M., & da Cruz, J. D. A. (2021). US Immigration and Human Traffifficking Overlap. International Social Science Review (Online), 97(4), 0_1-19.

Sullivan, C. (2021). ‘Hot, young, buff’: An Indigenous Australian gay male view of sex work. Social Inclusion, 9(2), 52-60.

Trasatti, M. A., & Foreman, K. A. The Travel Industry on Trial: The “State of the Art” of Human Trafficking Awareness and the Impact of Third-Party Civil Cases.

Gies, S. V., Healy, E., Green, B., & Bobnis, A. (2020). From villain to victim: The impact of safe harbor laws on minors involved in commercial sexual exploitation. Criminology & Public Policy, 19(2), 389-408.

Haney, K., LeBeau, K., Bodner, S., Czizik, A., Young, M. E., & Hart, M. (2020). Sex trafficking in the United States: A scoping review. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 17(6), 714-748. 

Cole, J., & Sprang, G. (2020). Post-implementation of a Safe Harbor law in the US: Review of state administrative data. Child Abuse & Neglect, 101, 104320.

Constantinou, A. G. (2020). The roles and actions of sex traffickers in Cyprus: an overview. Trends in organized crime, 23(4), 324-349.

Reno, R., Karandikar, S., McCloskey, R. J., & España, M. (2020). Structural vulnerabilities and breastfeeding among female sex workers in Mumbai. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 16(3), e12963.

Gies, S., Healy, E. B., Bobnis, A. P., Cohen, M. I., & Malamud, M. (2018). Safe Harbor Laws: Changing the Legal Response to Minors Involved in Commercial Sex.

Twis, M. K., & Shelton, B. A. (2018). Systematic review of empiricism and theory in domestic minor sex trafficking research. Journal of evidence-informed social work, 15(4), 432-456.

Meads, Lauren. (2017). Fulfulling the Safe Harbor Promise: Enhancing Resources for Sexually-Exploited Youth to Create a True Victim-Centered Approach. Law & Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice. 

Havlicek, Judy, et. al. (2016). Human trafficking of children in Illinois: Prevalence and characteristics. Children and Youth Services Review.

Conner, Brendan. (2016). In Loco Aequitatis: The Dangers of “Safe Harbor” Laws for Youth in the Sex Trades. Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. 

Urada, Lianne A., et. al. (2016). Socio-structural and behavioral risk factors associated with trafficked history of female bar/spa entertainers in the sex trade in the Philippines. International Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics.

Sherman, Francine and Annie Balck. (2015). Gender Injustice: System-Level Juvenile Justice Reforms for Girls. The National Crittenton Foundation.

DeBoise, Crystal. (2014). Human Trafficking and Sex Work: Foundational Social-Work Principles. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism. Vol. 12. Issue 1, p. 227. 

Lauler, David M. (2014). “Conducting Effective Enforcement Operations in Asian Massage Parlors.” Virginia Fire Prevention Association (VFPA) Meeting.